Slumber is of extreme importance for the overall well being of the person, both, mentally and physically. This is a means to recharge after the long and trying day.
While sleeping, millions of processes continue to occur in the body, helping the mind to save the important data in the memory, along with the cells work to fix the damaged tissue and regenerate.
Studies have found that sleep deprivation can cause serious, even life threatening illnesses, from heart diseases, diabetes, to cancer. These are the 6 disorders which are caused by the deficiency of sleep:
1. Cardiovascular Disease
The connection between heart problems and also the dearth of sleep has been suggested numerous times before, but the strongest evidence for the strong correlation has been found by a recent study and presented at EuroHeartCare, the annual meeting of the European Society of Cardiology.
For 14 years, the team of researchers followed 657 Russian men between the ages of 25 and 64 and found that two-thirds of the individuals who experienced a heart attack had a sleep disorder as well.
Moreover, the men who whined to have sleep disorders also had a 1/5 to 4 times greater stroke risk, and 2.6 times higher risk of myocardial infarction.
2. Ulcerative colitis
Based on a 2014 study, sleep deprivation, and excessive slumber can lead to ulcerative colitis, which is an inflammatory bowel disease shown by ulcers within the lining of the digestive tract, along with Crohn’s Disease.
The findings of specialists from Massachusetts General Hospital show that the sufficient amount of sleep is of critical significance as a way to control inflammation responses within the digestive system which regularly causes these ailments.
Researchers studied women registered in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) I since 1976 and NHS II since 1989, and found that the dangers of ulcerative colitis were increased as sleep per night was reduced to 6 hours or less.
Also, they found that 9 hours of sleep also raised the dangers, meaning the appropriate quantity of sleep is essential in the prevention of these diseases.
Despite the fact that the results were found in adult women just, the increased risk of developing ulcerative colitis in the instance of sleep deprivation existed despite other variables too, including weight, age, and habits for example drinking or smoking.
3. Obesity and Diabetes
Numerous studies and scientists have pointed out the connection between poor sleep and diabetes, but a team of researchers at the University of Chicago conducted a study which showed the way inferior slumber potentially results in obesity, and finally, causes diabetes.
Specialists examined the effects of poor sleep on the accumulation of fatty acids, as the fatty acid levels in the blood affect the speed of and the ability of insulin to regulate blood sugar.
They analyzed 19 different sleeping patterns of guys and found that those who slept for 4 hours for three nights had increased fatty acid amounts in their blood between 4 a.m. and 9 a.m. which was 15- 30 percent increase over those who slept 8.5 hours every night.
Furthermore, researchers discovered that the increased fatty acid levels caused an elevated level of insulin resistance, which signals pre-diabetes.
Scientists at Johns Hopkins University conducted a study in 2013 which found that a deficiency of sleep can cause Alzheimer’s disease and in addition change the speed of its own progression.
The analysis was based on previous research that found that sleep is of higher relevance for the brain to get rid of the “cerebral waste,” or the buildup which can accumulate and lead to dementia.
The analysis involves 70 adults between the ages of 53 and 91, and the deficiency of sleep every night caused a higher number of beta-amyloid deposit in their own brains on PET scans.
This compound has been shown to be a definitive marker of Alzheimer’s, indicating that dearth of sleep prevents the mind from removing this kind of “cerebral waste.”
5. Prostate Cancer
The journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, published a 2013 study which revealed that patients with sleep problems had an increased incidence and seriousness of prostate cancer.
Researchers followed 2,425 Icelandic men between the ages of 67 and 96 for 3-7 years and found that the risk of developing prostate cancer increased in 60 percent of guys with trouble falling asleep.
The amount doubled in the instance of guys who experienced difficulty remaining asleep. Additionally, people with sleep issues were also more likely to have later phases of prostate cancer.
This link was imputed to melanin, a sleep-regulating hormone, by research workers.
Higher melatonin levels were found to suppress tumor growth, while melatonin levels in people exposed to too much artificial light (which is a common cause of sleep deprivation) were found to get more aggressive tumor growth.
A 2014 study demonstrated the relation between the increased prevalence of suicide in adults and poor sleep, regardless of the last melancholy history.
Researchers at the Stanford University of Medicine conducted a study which continued for 10 years and involved 420 participants varying in middle to late adulthood.
20 participants who suffered from poor sleep, sadly, committed suicide, which led scientists to find that people who consistently had problems sleeping were 1.4 times more likely to commit suicide.
The most susceptible to this effect of sleep deprivation were white males, 85 years or older, so scientists attributed the increased suicide rate to poor sleep linked to well-being issues, and anxiety increased with age.