The role of the thyroid gland is of great importance for the general health, as it releases hormones which regulate the body energy, metabolism, and growth.
This gland is located at the base of the neck and has a shape similar to the one of the butterflies.
In the case of a disrupted function of the thyroid gland, the entire body suffers. Hyperthyroidism is a condition of overactive thyroid gland, which produces excessive amounts of hormones. The opposite cognition is known as hypothyroidism, and then this gland des not produce sufficient quantities of the hormone.
To prevent further complications, you should know the symptoms, causes, and treatments of these thyroid gland problems. According to statistics, 1 in 20 people is susceptible to developing some form of a thyroid issue, and you should also know that women are more prone to these problems.
HYPOTHYROIDISM VS. HYPERTHYROIDISM
Both these conditions are a result of an imbalance of the thyroid hormone, so its regulation will successfully prevent them.
Hypothyroidism is caused by a lack of the thyroid hormone in the body and leads to multiple different symptoms, including fatigue, thinning hair, trouble concentrating, dry skin, cramps, muscle pain, excess fluid in tissues, and sensitivity to cold temperatures.
Hypothyroidism may also be a result of lithium, thyroid removal, or overexposure to iodine.
Hyperthyroidism is caused by excessive amounts of this hormone, and leads to symptoms such as irritation, diarrhea, and sudden weight loss, heat sensitivity, and nervousness, anxiety, sleeping trouble and accelerated the heart rate.
In some cases, it can form a big lump in the throat, known as goiter, which is a sign of a lack of iodine. This condition may also be caused by certain conditions like adenomas, Grave’s sickness, and thyroiditis.
The biggest cause of these conditions is lifestyle, and these are the most common triggers:
- Toxic buildup
- Iodine deficiency
- Chronic stress
- Accumulation of metals
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
Thyroid-related issues are often a result of stress, so practicing relaxing activities, like meditation, yoga, walks in nature, and breathing exercises may help in a better stress management, and provide relaxation while reducing anxiety and tension.
Your diet significantly affects the function of the thyroid gland. Therefore, you should avoid sugar, refined flours, and processed foods, and consume more selenium, zinc, iodine, and omega-3 fats.
The function of the thyroid is also supported by regular exercise, which also regulates the production of the thyroid hormone.
You can help the production of this hormone by proper supplements as well, but make sure you consult your doctor before taking such alternative products.
Toxins are one of the biggest causes of thyroid related issues, so treatments like heat therapy or sauna sessions detoxify the body and prevent these conditions.
The prevention of these conditions includes prevention of their causes. Hence, you should try and reduce stress, treat allergies on time, prevent nutritional deficiencies, and consume a diet rich in nutrients, but low in dairy products and gluten.