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Tuesday, April 29, 2014

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The 8 Best “Potato” Chips: Healthy and Delicious Alternatives to Processed Snacks

Team - 2:25 AM

Potato chips are one of the most common cravings reported throughout the Western world. In fact, Americans consume over one billion pounds of these crispy snacks every year. School cafeterias and office lunchrooms are lined with vending machines dispensing the big-name brands, and for many people, a lunch is not complete without a bag of chips on the side.

Unfortunately, eating processed potato chips is contributing to both surging obesity rates and increasing instances of chronic disease in this country. The ingredients used in most potato chips, along with the way they are processed, results in a highly unhealthy snack. Especially when they are consumed in large amounts, eating packaged chips can do a number on your health.

The following are a few reasons to put down that bag of potato chips:

Trans fats

Trans fats, also known as partially hydrogenated oils, are created by artificially molding inexpensive oils, such as soybean or corn oils, into saturated forms, including margarine and vegetable shortening. Manufacturers commonly add trans fats to foods to lower costs, increase shelf life, and enhance flavor. These foods include packaged baked goods, french fries, frozen waffles, crackers and – you guessed it – potato chips.

These imposter fats are an absolute health nightmare, as they are known to clog arteries, increase LDL ‘bad’ cholesterol levels, and lower HDL ‘good’ cholesterol levels. They have been linked to obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, aggression and cancers. They are also associated with cognitive decline in older individuals.

Due to a large body of research about the ills of trans fats coming to light in recent years, many food manufacturers have cut down on their use of trans fats, and a number of packages now sport the “zero trans fat” label. However, these foods can still legally contain up to half a gram of trans fat, and many health experts agree that there is no amount that is safe to consume.

Acrylamides

Acrylamides are chemicals that are produced when carbohydrates are heated to high temperatures; the higher the heat, the more acrylamides occur. Deep frying is particularly associated with high acrylamide content. These chemicals are known to be carcinogenic, and are thought to have neurotoxic characteristics, as well. Potato chips are widely known to be the primary source of acrylamides in the American diet.

In fact, the state of California actually sued chip manufacturers in 2005, as their products did not contain a warning about high acrylamide content. It’s not just fried chips, either. Some baked varieties contain three times the acrylamide content of their fried counterparts.

Additives

Processed potato chips often contain much more than just potatoes, oil and salt. Many contain artificial flavorings and chemical preservatives. For one particularly unsavory example, Pringles stackable chips are composed of a mix of corn, wheat and rice flours, along with potato flakes. These ingredients are formed into a dough, molded, cooked in boiling oil, blown dry and sprayed with artificial flavors.

Olestra

Fat-free chips sold in the United States often contain an ingredient known as Olestra, a fat substitute made by Procter & Gamble. This substance is linked to depleting the body’s nutrients, as well as causing anal leakage. These effects are widely known, and have led to Olestra being banned in multiple nations, including Canada and the United Kingdom.

With all of the poisons that go along with opening that bag of potato chips, you’ll want to steer clear. However, that does not mean you have to give up chips entirely – just stick to the real thing!

The chip solution? Make your own healthy varieties!

Chip lovers, do not fret. It is remarkably easy to make your own healthy, delicious, homemade chips. While you can choose to use ordinary potatoes, they are not the healthiest choice, as they are mostly composed of starch, and offer little in the way of nutrients.

For our homemade chip recipes, we will focus on eight fantastic chip options: sweet potatoes, taro, beets, plantains, carrots, zucchini, kale and collard greens. All of these foods provide the body with vitamins, minerals and disease-fighting antioxidants, and make satisfying chips to snack on.

The process for making any of these ingredients into chips is simple. We will list specifics for each type below.

Basic chip procedure

  •  Wash your ingredient (except plantain, which just needs peeling), and dry completely.
  • Slice into thin, uniformly-sized chips with a knife or mandoline.
  • Either use a brush to apply oil to your chips, or toss in a mixing bowl, draining excess oil. We recommend organic, virgin coconut oil. You may also use organic olive oil, but avoid the extra-virgin variety for this purpose, as it burns very easily.
  • Toss with organic sea salt and your favorite spices.
  • Spread chips in a single layer on a parchment paper-lined baking sheet.
  • Bake in a pre-heated oven (temperatures for each type of chip, as well as cooking times, listed below), turning chips over halfway through cooking, to desired crispiness.
  • Enjoy while warm, and store leftovers in a metal container once they have completely cooled.

Sweet potatoes

Bake at 325 degrees F for about 20 minutes. Along with sea salt, you may try a bit of cinnamon, and just a hint of clove. For a kick of spice, add some cayenne pepper.

Taro

Bake at 400 degrees F for about 20 minutes. The unique earthy sweetness of the taro root is best enhanced with just plain sea salt.

Beets

Bake at 300 degrees F for about an hour. Beets go great with some sea salt and black pepper.

Plantains

Bake at 350 degrees F for about 20 minutes. Choose the green variety for the crispiest chips. Plantains are a great blank canvas for spice, so feel free to experiment. One great combination is sea salt, a bit of cumin, a dash of coriander and a bit of cayenne.

Carrots

Bake at 400 degrees F for about 20 minutes. Try with sea salt, dill and some grated lemon zest.

Zucchini

Bake at 200 degrees F for 60 to 90 minutes. A great Mediterranean twist is sea salt, basil, oregano, a dash of thyme and a pinch of parsley.

Kale

Bake at 325 degrees F for about 15 minutes. Kale is great with just a bit of sea salt, but if you want a spicier chip, break out the cayenne pepper.

Collard greens

Bake at 325 degrees F for about 15 minutes. These chips are great with sea salt, black pepper and a bit of chili powder. If you wish, toss the chips in organic apple cider vinegar before cooking.

The dehydrator: another great chip-making method

To preserve even more nutrients from your chips, you may choose to dehydrate them instead of baking. The following is one of our favorite dehydrated chip recipes:

Dehydrated Kale Chips

Ingredients:

  • 1 bunch of fresh organic kale
  • 2 tablespoons of organic coconut oil
  • 1/4 teaspoon of Himalayan salt
  • 1 tablespoon of lime juice
  • 1/4 teaspoon of red pepper flakes

Directions:

  • Rinse the kale under cold water. Dry the kale by shaking over the sink and wipe off any remaining water.
  • Pull the kale leaves from the stalk. Shred the leaves into bite-size pieces.
  • Place kale pieces in a bowl. In a small bowl mix together the lime juice, salt, oil and pepper flakes. Whisk the ingredients together until they are well mixed.
  • Cover the kale chips with the mixture and mix well, until all the kale is coated. Toss gently so as not to bruise the kale.
  • Spread the kale on your dehydrator trays. Be sure to leave space, if they are on top of each other they may not dry well.
  • Set your dehydrator temperature at 115 degrees F. This process may take up to ten hours. Check your chips often.
  • Store chips in an airtight container out of direct sunlight for up to two weeks.

The Alternative Daily

Sources:
http://www.thealternativedaily.com/chips-that-cause-cancer-chips-that-fight-cancer-you-choose
http://www.npr.org/2012/05/15/152748537/even-your-mother-will-approve-of-vegetable-chips–
http://dailyburn.com/life/recipes/healthy-homemade-chips
http://www.runningtothekitchen.com/2013/02/crispy-baked-carrot-chips-2-ways
http://www.thekitchn.com/healthy-snack-recipe-spicy-bak-112231
http://www.thealternativedaily.com/dangerous-ingredients-food-banned-elsewhere
http://www.thealternativedaily.com/breaking-news-fda-finally-getting-wise-trans-fat


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