The first thing that you need to do is to consider your growing conditions. Ask yourself what is the availability of sunlight? It is a good idea to spend a few days watching the sunlight pattern on your patio, deck, or balcony. The amount of sunlight directly affects which plants you can grow successfully.
The second step is to assess your space. If you have a small space, then you have to think outside of the box in terms of how to make the more efficient use of your space. Not only can you set plants on a sunny patio, but you can also use vertical space as well. Many urban gardens use trellises or garden netting to support vining plants like tomatoes, berries, squash and beans. Moreover, you can also use topsy turvys or fashion one from a 5 gallon bucket. Urban gardeners are also screw in rain gutters to create small, uniformed beds. This is a great way of growing lettuce, spinach or strawberries!
- Tomatoes (you will have to provide support for their stalks)
- Peppers (you will have to provide support for their stalks)
- Mustard greens
- Most herbs
If you would like some more information on small container gardening, then there is an abundance of information on the Internet. I highly recommend the Squarefoot Gardening by Mel Bartholomew.
Never Underestimate the Power of Recycled Materials
Using recycled materials in your garden is a great way to repurpose items you already have on hand. For instance, you poke small holes in a water bottle and plant it along with vegetables. Fill the water bottle with water and it will slowly seep water out of the holes giving your plants ready access to water.
You can also use soda bottles to make a topsy turvy container for plants. This site provides 5 different ways to make upside down planters.
To conclude, just because you live in a city or in a small apartment doesn’t mean you can’t try your hand at gardening. Look into how you can create a garden to produce your own sustainability.