These various types of anxiety cost more than $42 billion annually in medical costs. A slew of medications are prescribed to help individuals cope with various forms of anxiety, and people with anxiety are more than 5 times likely to visit their primary health care physician than those who do not, according to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.
What Causes Anxiety?
Anxiety is a natural response to stress. In fact, if our nervous system’s did not alert us to potentially dangerous situations, by quickening our heart rates, dumping hormones like adrenaline into our blood system, and increasing our respiratory rates, we wouldn’t be able to respond to a true threat.
The problem is that many people are responding to stress, either perceived or real, with their nervous systems in ‘high alert.’ So whether they are coping with an impending exam at school, the death of a loved one, a divorce, or work pressures, their bodies are constantly in an anxious state trying to deal with external stresses.
Physical Symptoms of Anxiety:
- The physical symptoms of anxiety can include:
- A pounding heart
- Trouble breathing
- Being easily startled
- Suffering from unwanted, obsessive thoughts, and even unwanted behaviors.
Anxiety can take on many forms. Here are some of the more common types of anxiety:
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Social Anxiety Disorder
- Phobias (from spiders to small spaces)
- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (this affects veterans of war, but also those who suffer any form of trauma)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (this is the name a psychiatrist or psychologist will give to someone who feels anxiety for no specific reason)
- Panic Disorder
Medications Prescribed for Different Types of Anxiety
There are numerous pharmaceutical drugs that are prescribed for anxiety, including Benzodiazepines, which is the most common class of anti-anxiety drugs. These drugs should be avoided if at all possible. They include:
- Drowsiness, lack of energy
- Blurred or Double Vision
- Memory Loss
- Lowered Cognitive Function
- Slurred Speech
- Slow Reflexes
- Aggressive or Impulsive Behavior